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这些噪声如何治理:声音传播、室内混响及室内降噪

发布时间:2019-04-26 14:55:27    浏览次数:

  SHENGYINDECHUANBO

  YI、SHENGYINZAISHIWAIDECHUANBO

  ZAISHIWAI,SHENGYINJIANGBUDUANCHUANBOKAIQU。SUIZHECHUANBOJULIDEZENGJIA,YOUYUNENGLIANGFENSANKAILAI,SHENGYAJIBUDUANXIAJIANG,LILUNSHANG,DUIYUDIANSHENGYUAN,LISHENGYUANJULIZENGJIAMEILIANGBEI,ZAOSHENGXIAJIANG6dB。RUOMOUJIQISHEBEI1MICHUDEZAOSHENGWEI100dB,NEIMEJULITA100MIYUAN(XIANGDANGYUJULIZENGJIAYUE7GELIANGBEI),NEIMEZAOSHENGJIANGXIAJIANG40dB,JIANGDIDAO60dB;JULITA1GONGLIYUAN(XIANGDANGYUJULIZENGJIAYUE10GELIANGBEI),ZAOSHENGJIANGXIAJIANG60dB,BIANWEIYUE40dB。LINGYIFANGMIAN,DAQIDUISHENGYINYEYOUXISHOUZUOYONG,YOUQIDUICHAOGUO2000HzDEGAOPINSHENGYIN,XISHOUXIAOYINGGENGJIAMINGXIAN,SHIZAOSHENGSUIYUSHENGYUANJULIDEZENGJIASHUAIJIANLIANGBIANDEGENGDA。SHIYANBIAOMING,CHANGWENCHANGSHICHANGYAXIA,100mJULIDUI125Hz、500Hz、2000HzDESHENGYINSHUAIJIANLIANGFENBIEWEI0.05dB、0.27dB、2.8dB。LEIDIANCHANSHENGSHIDESHENGYINSHIHANYOUDALIANGGAOPINCHENGFENDEPILISHENG,YOUYUJULIHENYUAN,DADUOGAOPINCHENGFENBEIDAQIXISHOULE,YINCICHUANDAOWOMENERDUOLIWANGWANGSHILONGLONGDEDIPINSHENG。

  BUTONGQUYUDAQIWENDUDEBIANHUAHUISHISHENGYINDECHUANBOFANGXIANGFASHENGWANZHE,DANGSHANGCENGKONGQISHIGAOWEN,XIACENGDIMIANFUJINKONGQISHIDIWENSHI,YANDIMIANCHUANBODESHENGYINHUIWANXIANGDIMIAN,ZHIHOUBEIDIMIANFANSHE,JIXUQIANJINHAIJIANGWANXIANGDIMIAN,KENENGHAOSANZAISHANGKONGDESHENGYINFANHUIDIMIAN,BING“PUFUQIANJIN”,ZHEIYANG,SHENGYINHUICHUANDEHENYUAN。DONGJIJIEBINGDEHUMIANJIUSHIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANG,ZAIBINGSHANGJIANGHUA,DUIMIANJIBAIMIWAIDOUNENGTINGDAO。XIAJIDEWUHOU,DIMIANBEISHAIRE,QINGKUANGZHENGHAOXIANGFAN,SHANGCENGKONGQISHIDIWEN,XIACENGKONGQISHIGAOWEN,SHENGYINXIANGSHANGWANZHE,HENKUAIHAOSANZAIDAQIZHONG,YINCI50-60MISHIJIUHENNANTINGDAORENDEJIANGHUALE。YOUFENGDESHIHOU,RUGUOFENGDEQILIUSUDUSHANGXIAWANQUANYIZHI,NEIMEDUISHENGYINJIANGMEIYOUYINGXIANG,DANYIBANQINGKUANG,SHANGMIANDEFENGSUBIDIMIANDEFENGSUKUAI,SHUNFENGSHI,SHENGYINXIANGDIMIANWANZHE,NIFENGSHI,SHENGYINXIANGTIANKONGWANZHE,SHUNFENGCHUANBOSHENGYINBINIFENGGENGYOULI。RENWEISHUNFENGBASHENGYINCHUIZOU、NIFENGZUZHULESHENGYINSHIBUZHENGQUEDE,FENGSUZUIKUAIJINMEIMIAOYI、ERSHIMI,ERSHENGSUWEIMEIMIAO340MI,FENGRUHEPAODEYINGSHENGYINNI?

  ZAISHIWAI,SHENGYINYOURAOGUOZHANGAIWUDEBENLING,BEICHENGWEISHENGYINDERAOSHEHUOYANSHE,ZHEISHISHENGYINBODONGXIANXIANGDETIXIAN,DUOZAIWEIQIANGHOUMIANDERENYIRANKEYITINGDAOWAIMIANDEHUHAN。SHIYONGGESHENGPINGZHANGKEYISHISHENGYINZUIDUOSHUAIJIAN15dB,DANYANSHEBUNENGWANQUANGELISHENGYIN。DAOLULIANGBIANDESHENGPINGZHANG,HUOGONGYECHANGFANGJIQIDEGESHENGBANKEYIQIDAOJIANGDIZAOSHENGDEZUOYONG,XIAOGUOZAI15dBYINEI,YIBANZAI5-10dB。YOUYUDIPINSHENGYINBOZHANGZHANG,RONGYIRAOGUOSHENGPINGZHANG,GESHENGXIAOGUOBURUGAOPINSHENG。

  CAODI、GUANMULINDENGDUISHENGYINDECHUANBOYEYOUSHUAIJIANZUOYONG,DANDUIGAOPINDEZUOYONGJIAOMINGXIAN,DUIDIPINDEZUOYONGYOUXIAN。100MIDECAODI、GUANMULINDUI1000HzDESHENGYINYOU23dBDESHUAIJIAN,ERDUI100HzDESHENGYINJINYOU5dBDESHUAIJIAN。100MIYISHANGDEZHANGLVKUOYECAODIHUOGUANMULINZAISHIJIJIANGZAOZHONGCAIYOUXIAOGUO。

  ER、SHENGYINZAISHINEIDECHUANBO

  SHENGYINZAISHINEICHUANBOSHI,BUDANZUNXUNSHIWAIDAQIZHONGCHUANBODEGUILV,HAIHUIBEIFANGJIANTIANHUABAN、DIMIAN、QIANGMIANFANSHEHUILAI,SHENGYUANBUDUANFASHENGSHI,RUSHESHENGBOYUFANSHESHENGBOXIANGDIEJIA,XINGCHENGFUZADESHINEISHENGCHANG。DADEPINGDEBIAOMIANHUIXIANGJINGMIANYIYANGFANSHESHENGYIN,ERQIERUSHEJIAODENGYUFANSHEJIAO。NEIAOXINGDEBIAOMIANHUIJULONGSHENGYIN,XINGCHENGSHENGJUJIAO。WAITUDEBIAOMIANNENGGOUSHIJIANGSHENGYINFASAN,XINGCHENGKUOSAN。DANGFANGJIANBIAOMIANQIFUBUPING,ERQIEQIFUCHICUNJIEJINHUOXIAOYUSHENGYINBOZHANGSHI,SHENGYINRUSHEHOUJIANGBUHUIXINGCHENGDINGXIANGFANSHE,ERSHIXIANGGEGEFANGXIANGWUGUIZEDIFANSHE,XINGCHENGKUOSAN。JIUXIANGGUANG,BIAOMIANPINGZHENGDEJINGZINENGGOUFANSHECHURENXIANG,ZHEISHIJINGMIANFANSHEDEJIEGUO,RUGUOSHIYONGMOSHIJIANGJINGZIMOMAO,JIANGCHENGWEIWUBOLI,JIUSHIYINWEIBOLIBIAOMIANCHUXIANKENGAOBUPING,CHICUNYUGUANGDEBOZHANGJIEJIN,XINGCHENGGUANGSANSHE,GEGEJIAODUDOUNENGKANDAORUSHEDEGUANG,BOLIBIANDE“FAWU”LE。

  SHENGYINRUSHEDAOFANGJIANBIAOMIANYIBUFENNENGLIANGJINRUCAILIAONEIBU,YIBUFENNENGLIANGCHUANTOUCAILIAODAODUIMIANKONGJIAN,ZHEIZHONGNENGLIANGSUNSHIDEGUOCHENGSHIXISHENG。WANQUANMEIYOUXISHENGDEFANGJIANBEICHENGWEILIXIANGHUNXIANGSHI,RUGUOZAILIMIANPAIYIXIAZHANG,SHENGYINJIANGBUDUANFANSHE,ZAIWUXIANSHIJIANNEIHUIXIANG。XIANSHIQINGKUANGXIABUCUNZAIZHEIZHONGFANGJIAN,QIANGBIJIANYINGQIEGUANGHUADEFANGJIANHUNXIANGSHIJIANHENZHANG,JIEJINHUNXIANGSHI,FANGJIANZHONGSHENGYINHUIJIAQIANG,JIEJINHUNXIANGSHIDEFANGJIANZHONGZAOSHENGBIZAIYIBANFANGJIANNEIKENENGGAO15dB。SHENGYINWANQUANMEIYOUFANSHEDEFANGJIANBEICHENGWEILIXIANGXIAOSHENGSHI,FANGJIANZHONGZHIYOUSHENGYUANDEZHIDASHENG,ZHEIYANGDESHENGCHANGJIAOZUO“ZIYOUCHANG”。ZAIZIYOUCHANGZHONG,JUDIANSHENGYUANJULIZENGDAYIBEI,SHENGYAJIYANGEXIAJIANG6dB。XIANSHIQINGKUANGXIAYEBUCUNZAILIXIANGXIAOSHENGSHI,DUIFANGJIANJINXINGQIANGXISHENGCHULIKEYIJINSIKANZUOXIAOSHENGSHI,YINFANGJIANZHONGZHIYOUZHIDASHENG,SHENGYAJIBIPUTONGFANGJIANKEYIJIANGDI10dB。

  SHINEIHUNXIANG

  YI、ZHIDASHENGYUHUNXIANGSHENG

  SHENGYUANFACHUDEZHIJIEDAODADESHENGYINSHIZHIDASHENG,ZHIDASHENGZONGSHIZUIXIANDAODARENER,ZHEISHIYINWEIZHIDASHENGBIFANSHESHENGDESHENGCHENGDUAN。CHULEZHIDASHENGYIWAI,FANSHEDESHENGYINXINGCHENGLEHUNXIANGSHENG,SHISHINEISHENGYAJIZENGJIA。ZHIDASHENGZHIYUSHENGYUANQIANGDUYOUGUAN,SHENGYUANGONGLVYUEDA,ZHIDASHENGSHENGYAJIYUEDA,RUGUOXUYAOJIANGDIZHIDASHENG,WEIYIDEFANGFASHISHISHENGYUANANJINGXIALAI。FANGJIANDIMIANSHANGLIYOUZUDANGZHIDASHENGDEPINGZHANGSHI,FANSHESHENGHUICONGTIANHUABANFANSHEGUOLAI,SHIPINGZHANGDEGESHENGNENGLIXIAJIANG,RUGUOTIANHUABANXISHENG,JIANRUOLEFANSHESHENGNENGLIANG,PINGZHANGDEJIANGZAOXIAOGUONENGGOUTIGAO。ZAIFANGJIANTIANHUABANHEQIANGBISHANGANZHUANGXISHENGCAILIAOKEYIXISHOUFANSHECHANSHENGDEHUNXIANGSHENG,XISHENGLIANGMEIZENGJIAYIBEI,HUNXIANGSHENGKEYIJIANGDI3dB。YIBANLAIJIANG,HUNXIANGSHENGDUIFANGJIANZAOSHENGDEGONGXIANWEI15dB,YINCI,CAIYONGXISHENGZUIDUOKEYIHUODE15dBJIANZAOXIAOGUO。

  ER、HUNXIANGSHIJIAN

  MIAOSHUFANGJIANHUNXIANGXIAOGUODEZHIBIAOSHIHUNXIANGSHIJIAN,TASHISHINEISHENGYUANTINGZHIFASHENGHOU,SHENGYAJISHUAIJIAN60dBSUOJINGLIDESHIJIAN,DANWEISHIMIAO。SHINEIXISHENGYUPINLVYOUGUAN,YINCI,BUTONGPINLVDEHUNXIANGSHIJIANBUTONG。ZAIJIANZAOSHEJIZHONGXUYAOZHENGQUEDIYINGYONGXISHENGCAILIAO,JIANGDIHUNXIANGSHIJIAN,JIANGDIZAOSHENG。

  HUNXIANGSHIJIANYUSHINEIXISHENGCUNZAISHUXUEGUANXI,JISAIBINGONGSHI:

  QIZHONG:TSHIHUNXIANGSHIJIAN,VSHIFANGJIANTIJI,SSHIFANGJIANQIANGMIANDEZONGBIAOMIANJI,

  SHIFANGJIANBIAOMIANDEPINGJUNXISHENGXISHU(JIFANGJIANGEZHONGXISHENGCAILIAOXISHENGXISHUYUMIANJICHENGJIDEHEZAICHUYIZONGBIAOMIANJI)。YOUSAIBINGONGSHIKEYIKANCHU,FANGJIANTIJIYUEDAHUNXIANGSHIJIANYUEZHANG;PINGJUNXISHENGXISHUYUEDA,HUNXIANGSHIJIANYUEDUAN。TIJIJUDADEKONGJIAN,RUGUOBUJINXINGXISHENGCHULIDEHUA,HUNXIANGSHIJIANHUIHENZHANG,SHIFANGJIANZAOSHENGZENGJIA。

  HUNXIANGSHIJIANJISUANGONGSHISHIJIANLIZAILIXIANGKUOSANSHENGCHANGTIAOJIANXIADE,YUSHIJIQINGKUANGHUIYOU±10~15%DEWUCHA,YINCI,ZAIJIANGZAOGONGCHENGZHONGBUNENGWANQUANYILAIJISUANQIUDEHUNXIANGSHIJIAN,BIXUSHIYONGCELIANGDEFANGFAZHUNQUEDIHUODEFANGJIANDEHUNXIANGSHIJIAN,BINGJINXINGJIANGZAOSHEJIHEJISUAN。GUSUANHUNXIANGSHIJIANDEBUZHUNQUEXINGKENENGHUIDAOZHI3~5dBDEJIANGZAOWUCHA。

  SAN、HUNXIANGBANJING

  FANGJIANZAOSHENGSHIZHIDASHENGHEHUNXIANGSHENGDEHUNHESHENG。ZHIDASHENGYUJULIYOUGUAN,JULISHENGYUANYUEYUAN,SHENGYINKUOSANDEMIANJIYUEDA,ZHIDASHENGYUEXIAO,ZHIDASHENGDEFANGXIANGYUANYUSHENGYUAN。HUNXIANGSHENGSHIFANSHEXINGCHENGDE,MISANYUFANGJIANGECHU,FANGXIANGMEIYOUGUIZE,KEYIRENWEIFANGJIANZHONGSUOYOUWEIZHIDEHUNXIANGSHENGJUYOUXIANGTONGDESHENGYAJI。YINCI,ZAIFANGJIANZHONGSHENGYUANMOUJULIDEWEIZHISHANGDEZHIDASHENGYUHUNXIANGSHENGHUIJUYOUXIANGTONGDESHENGYAJI,ZHEIGEJULIBEICHENGWEIHUNXIANGBANJING。HUNXIANGBANJINGSHIFANGJIANDESHUXING,YUFANGJIANXISHENGQINGKUANGYOUGUAN,YUSHENGYUANWUGUAN。YISHENGYUANWEIZHONGXIN,XIAOYUHUNXIANGBANJINGFANWEINEIDESHENGYINZHUYAOSHIZHIDASHENG,RUGUOJINXINGJIANGZAOCHULI,ZHUYAOYAOJIANGDIZHIDASHENG。ZAIHUNXIANGBANJINGYIWAIDEQUYU,ZHUYAOSHIHUNXIANGSHENG,FANGJIANBIAOMIANJIAZHUANGXISHENGCAILIAOHOUKEYIDADAJIANGDIHUNXIANGSHENG,JIANGZAOXIAOGUOBIJIAOMINGXIAN。

  GUJIHUNXIANGBANJINGDEGONGSHI,DUIYUFANGZAIDIMIANSHANGDEJIQIZAOSHENGYUAN,YOU:

  QIZHONG:r0WEIHUNXIANGBANJING,SWEIFANGJIANDEZONGBIAOMIANJI,

  WEIFANGJIANGEBIAOMIANPINGJUNXISHENGXISHU。DANSHI,YOUYUSHENGYUANBUSHILIXIANGDEDIANSHENGYUAN、FANGJIANNEIDEHUNXIANGSHENGYEBUSHIJUEDUIDEJUNYUN,YINCIZHEIGEGONGSHIDEJINGDUBUGAO,ZHINENGZUOWEICULVEDEGUSUAN。ZHUNQUEDIHUODEHUNXIANGBANJINGXUYAOSHIYONGMAICHONGXIANGYINGFA(HUOMLSFA)DUIFANGJIANJINXINGCELIANG。HUNXIANGBANJINGKEYIPANDUANXISHENGCHULIDEYOUXIAOQUYUFANWEI,RUGUOHUNXIANGBANJINGYIJINGCHAOGUOFANGJIANDECHICUN,BIAOMINGZAIJIARUXISHENGCHULIYIJINGMEIYOUJIANGZAOXIAOGUOLE。

  SI、FANGJIANTIJI、JULI、XISHENGDUISHINEIZAOSHENGDEYINGXIANG

  DUITONGYANGDESHENGYUAN,FANGJIANDETIJIYUEDA、JULISHENGYUANYUEYUAN、XISHENGCHULIYUEKAOJINSHENGYUAN,ZAOSHENGJIUYUEXIAO。FANGJIANTIJIZENGDA,SHIBIDAOZHISHENGNENGZAIFANGJIANZHONGDEMIDUBIANXIAO,SHENGYAJIJIANGDI。DANSHITONGGUOGAIBIANFANGJIANTIJIDEFANGFAJIANGDIZAOSHENGTONGCHANGSHIBUKEXINGDE,YINWEIZAOSHENGJIANGDIBINGBUYUTIJICHENGZHENGBIGUANXI,FANGJIANTIJIZENGDA,HUNXIANGSHIJIANZENGDA,ZAOSHENGJIANGDIYOUXIAN,ERQIEGAIZAODECHENGBENYEXIANZHUZENGJIA。YUEYUANLISHENGYUAN,ZHIDASHENGYUEXIAO,ERQIEHUNXIANGSHENGSUOJINGLIDEJULIYEHUIZENGJIA,HUNXIANGSHENGJIANGDI,ZAOSHENGJIANGDI。XISHENGCAILIAOJULISHENGYUANYUEJIN,XISHENGXIAOLVYUEGAO,FANSHESHENGBEIXISHOUDEJIHUIYEZENGJIA,DUIJIANGZAOSHIYOULIDE。

  SHINEIJIANGZAOFANGFA

  YI、SHENGYUANZHILI

  JINXINGZAOSHENGZHILISHI,SHOUXIANYINGKAOLVSHENGYUANDECHULI,JIANGDISHENGYUANFACHUDEZAOSHENGKEYICONGGENYUANSHANGJIANGZAO,SHENGYUANJIANSHAODUOSHAOFENBEI,SHINEIZAOSHENGJIUHUIJIANGDIDUOSHAOFENBEI。KEYIXUANYONGDIZAOSHENGDEJIQISHEBEI,HUOJINKENENGSHIJIQISHEBEIYUNXINGCHUYUDIZAOSHENGZHUANGTAI。LIRUDIANJIHUOSHUIBENG,XUANYONGDIZAOSHENGCHANPINKEYIJIANZAO10~20dBSHENZHIGENGDUO,LIANGGEBANFUHEYUNZHUANDEDIANJIBIXIANGTONGGONGLVDEYIGEDIANJIDEZAOSHENGYAOXIAOHENDUO。LINGWAI,GAIJINBULIANGDESHENGYUANDEANZHUANGFANGFAYEHUIZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGJIANGDIZAOSHENG。LIRUJIANGJIQISHEBEIANZHUANGZAIHESHIDEJIANZHENJIZUOSHANG,NIUJINKENENGSONGDONGDELUOSHUANFANGZHIQIANZAIDEZHENDONG,HUOSHIJIANGZHENDONGFASHENGDEBUWEIGUDINGZAIGANGXINGDEQIANGTISHANG,DINGQIDEWEIXIUBAOYANGDENGDENG。RANER,ZAIDADUOQINGKUANGXIAYINWEISHOUDAOZHUDUOYINSUDEXIANZHI,RUCHENGBENGUOGAO,JIQIBUNENGTINGJI,KONGJIANXIANZHIDENG,SHENGYUANZHILIKENENGNANYUSHISHI。

  ER、XISHENGJIANGZAO

  ZAITIANHUABAN、QIANGBISHANGANZHUANGXISHENGCAILIAO,HUOFANGJIANZHONGXUANGUAXISHENGTI,KEYIXISHOUHUNXIANGSHENG,JIANGDIZAOSHENG。RANER,XISHENGJIANGZAOBUNENG“BAOZHIBAIBING”,YOUNEIXIESHIYONGTIAOJIANNI?

  RUGUOSHINEIDINGPENGHESIBISHIJIANYINGDEFANSHEMIAN,YOUMEIYOUXISHENGJIAODUODEWUTI,HUNXIANGSHENGBIJIAOTUCHU,ZEXISHENGJIANGZAOXIAOGUOBIJIAOMINGXIAN。LIRU,DANGSHINEIZHUANGXIUCAILIAODADUOWEIDALISHI、SHUIMOSHI、BOLI、SHIGAOBAN、SHUINIQIANGSHI,HUNXIANGSHENGHENQIANG,ZENGJIAXISHENGCHULIKEYISHOUDAOMINGXIANDEJIANGZAOXIAOGUO。FANZHI,RUGUOSHINEIYIJINGYOUDALIANGDEXISHENGCAILIAOLE,HUNXIANGSHENGBUMINGXIAN,ZEXISHENGJIANGZAOXIAOGUOBUDA。

  DANGSHINEIJUNBUYOUDUOGESHENGYUANSHI,ZHIDASHENGCHUQIZHUYAOZUOYONG,CISHIXISHENGJIANGZAOXIAOGUOCHA。RUOZHIYOUYIGESHENGYUAN,DANJIESHOUDIANYUQIJULIGUOJIN,XIAOYUHUNXIANGBANJING,ZHIDASHENGHENQIANG,XISHENGJIANGZAOXIAOGUOYECHA。

  DANGJULIZAOSHENGYUANHENJINDEWEIZHISHEZHIPINGZHANGSHI,ZAIPINGZHANGMIANXIANGSHENGYUANDEYICEJINXINGXISHENGCHULI,JIANGDIPINGZHANGDEFANSHESHENG,QIDAOLEFUZHUJIANGZAODEZUOYONG。

  XISHENGCAILIAODEXISHENGPINLVTEXINGYINGYUSHENGYUANDEPINLVTEXINGXIANGYIZHI,DUIYUDIPINZAOSHENGYUANYINGJIAQIANGDIPINXISHENG,GAOPINZAOSHENGYUANYINGJIAQIANGGAOPINXISHENG。XISHENGCHULIQIANYINGXIANCELIANGZAOSHENGDEPINPU,GENJUPINPUXUANYONGXISHENGCAILIAO,RUGUOXISHENGDEPINLVTEXINGZHENGHAOYUZAOSHENGXIANGFAN,JIANG“SHIBEIGONGBAN”ERTULAO。

  三、隔声降噪

  ZAISHENGYUANZHOUWEIWEIDANGPINGZHANGNENGGOUZUGEZHIDASHENG,JIANGDISHINEIZAOSHENG。RUGUOPINGZHANGNENGGOUJIANGSHENGYUANWANQUANFENGBI,CHENGWEIQIANGTI,NEIMEJIANGZAOXIAOGUOQUJUEYUQIANGTIDEGESHENGXINGNENG,GESHENGLIANGYUEGAO,ZAOSHENGJIANGDIYUEDA。RUGUOPINGZHANGBUNENGWEIBISHENGYUAN,CHENGWEIGEBAN,YOUYUYANSHEHEFANGJIANTIANHUABAN、CEQIANGDEFANSHE,JIANGZAOXIAOGUOBUWANQUANQUJUEYUBANDEGESHENGXINGNENG。TIANHUABAN、CEQIANGSHANGWEIJIANYINGDEFANSHEBIAOMIANSHI,GESHENGJIANGZAOXIAOGUOWANGWANGZHIYOU5~8dB,RUGUOGEBANMIANDUISHENGYUANDEYICEHETIANHUABAN、CEQIANGSHANGZHUANGYOUQIANGXISHENGCAILIAOSHI,GESHENGJIANGZAOXIAOGUOKEDAYOU15~20dB,ERQIE,GEBANJULISHENGYUANYUEJIN,JIANGZAOXIAOGUOYUEHAO。LINGWAI,YOUYUDIPINSHENGDEYANSHENENGLIQIANG,GEBANDUIDIPINSHENGDEGESHENGXIAOGUOYOUXIAN。